Unemployability, the Main Reason for Unemployment
Employment has been a major measure of success and societal status since the early days of civilization, apart from being the basis of survival. Today, it has grown to become a major area of concern on a national level. Despite scores of reputed colleges branching out more, several new graduation courses introduced, and booming industries, the unemployment in India only seems to be on a rise.
Before we delve into the topic, let’s understand what really is ‘unemployability’? Unemployment, as you would know, means ‘the state of being without a job’. ‘Unemployability’, on the other hand, means ‘not acceptable for employment due to lack of skills’.
Here are a few figures and facts that suggest, unemployability is a major cause of unemployment.
- Close to 60 lakh students graduate every year in several disciplines. Very few of them are deemed fit for employment.
- Over 50% of these graduates lack basic employable skills and quality.
- The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GRE) for Indian higher education has been just 34% which is very low in comparison to developed countries that have a GRE of 56%
- 10 lakh people with join in the labor force every month for the coming 20 years who all have inadequate training. This leads to major layoffs.
- 80% of the higher education system in India is yet to be built for the year 2030
These staggering figures suggest that the unemployability in India is at a high because of the following reasons:
- Mismatch of skills: The skills mismatch is something that freshers experience all over the country. There are scores of young people who just pass out of college, hoping to start working but soon realize that the employers are looking for skills that they never even got. This is when young people end up experiencing the bitter and sometimes almost impossible school-to-work transition. While it is indisputably hard on the students’ side, it is also hard for organizations to find suitable candidates for their many positions.
- Weak linking between employers and potential employees.
- A severe shortage of premium institutions that provide updated, quality, industry orientated higher education
- A low awareness of the existence and importance of such institutions.
- Lack of life skills and entrepreneurship education: Skills mismatch is closely linked to this one. The general preference has so been in favor of traditional outdated academics with poor connections between the colleges and the private sector. This also lacks in training of harnessing life skills that most students potentially have.
- The digital divide: While India is now shrugging off it’s ‘developing’ country image, the education sector largely lacks the technology and infrastructure needed for hands-on training in the digital sector. This is when the youth are at a disadvantage in the job market.
There is a dire need to address most of these problems if not all when we think of practically solving the problem. The solution though is not as daunting as it may seem. The IT industry is seen as a viable option for most Indian youth. The IT sector has weathered many storms and with the digitization of every sector, there will always be a demand for IT people.
While basic graduation can be seen as a mandatory certificate, students need to invest in employable skills in any of the trending technologies of their choice. This can be a vocational training where students get hands-on experience in the updated technologies. Premium IT educational Institutions like IIHT offer courses in fully equipped labs under the table guidance of professional and certified experts. These professional trainers are IT engineers who have worked in the industry for several years and can give students a firsthand account of what is actually expected of them. IIHT also has tie-ups with several top companies and have an exclusive placement cell that assists students in getting the job of their dreams. Talk to an IIHT consultant today to see how you can make yourself more job-ready!